# Courses Offered

The curriculum for all mathematics courses can be found on the Ministry of Education website.

## Grade 9

**MAT1L – Grade 9 Locally Developed Mathematics **

1 credit, Locally developed, Prerequisite: None

This course emphasizes further development of mathematical knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in the workplace, in the Grade 10 LDCC course and in the Mathematics Grade 11 and Grade 12 Workplace Preparation courses. The course is organized by three strands related to money sense, measurement and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on developing and consolidating key foundational mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to further develop their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing and oral language through relevant and practical math activities.

**MTH1W – Grade 9 Mathematics (New Sept 2021)**

1 credit, Destreamed, Prerequisite: None

This course enables students to consolidate, and continue to develop, an understanding of mathematical concepts related to number sense and operations, algebra, measurement, geometry, data, probability, and financial literacy. Students will use mathematical processes, mathematical modeling, and coding to make sense of the mathematics they are learning and to apply their understanding to culturally responsive and relevant real-world situations. Students will continue to enhance their mathematical reasoning skills, including proportional reasoning, spatial reasoning, and algebraic reasoning, as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

** The course above will be offered in September 2021 and replaces MFM1P (Foundation of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied) and MPM1D (Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic). MFM1P and MPM1D will no longer be offered in the 2021/2022 school year.

## Grade 10

**MAT2L – Grade 10 Locally Developed Mathematics**

1 credit, Locally developed, Prerequisite: A Grade 9 Mathematics credit

This course emphasizes the extension of mathematical knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in the workplace, and in the Mathematics Grade 11 and Grade 12 Workplace Preparation courses. The course is organized by three strands related to money sense, measurement and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on strengthening and extending key foundational mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to extend their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing and oral language through relevant and practical math activities.

**MFM2P – Grade 10 Foundations of Mathematics**

1 credit, Applied, Prerequisite: Grade 9, Mathematics

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relationships. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right-angled triangles and the measurement of three-dimensional objects. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

**MPM2D – Grade 10 Principles of Mathematics**

1 credit, Prerequisite: Grade 9, Mathematics MTH1W

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills though investigation, the effective use of technology and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relationships and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically as they solve multi-step problems and communicate their thinking.

## Grade 11

**MEL3E – Grade 11 Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life**

1 credit, Workplace, Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic, Applied, or Grade 10, Locally Developed

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes and making purchases, apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing and borrowing and calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of situations. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

**MBF3C – Grade 11 Foundations of College Mathematics**

1 credit, College, Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations, as well as of measurement and geometry, investigate situations involving exponential growth, solve problems involving compound interest, solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership and develop their ability to reason by collecting, analyzing and evaluating data involving one and two variables. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

**MCF3M – Grade 11 Functions and Applications University & College**

1 credit, University/College, Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied.

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically and algebraically, simplify expressions, solve equations and solve problems relating to financial and trigonometric applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

**MCR3U – Grade 11 Functions University**

1 credit, University, Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

## Grade 12

**MEL4E – Grade 12 Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life **

1 credit, Workplace, Prerequisite: Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations; investigate accommodation costs and create household budgets; use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

**MAP4C – Grade 12 Foundations for College Mathematics**

1 credit, College, Prerequisite: Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College Preparation

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyze data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college health and human sciences programs.

**MDM4U – Grade 12 Mathematics of Data Management**

1 credit, University, Prerequisite: Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating project that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

**MHF4U – Grade 12 Advanced Functions**

1 credit, University, Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan to study mathematics in university and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

**MCV4U – Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors**

1 credit, University, Prerequisite: Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, rational, exponential, and sinusoidal functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who plan to study mathematics in university and who may choose to pursue careers in fields such as physics and engineering.